STUDY: The effects of short-term use of compression stockings 

17.08.2016 

J Phys Ther Sci. 2016 Jul;28(7):1988-92. doi: 10.1589/jpts.28.1988. Epub 2016 Jul 29.

The effects of short-term use of compression stockings on health related quality of life in patients with chronic venous insufficiency.

Özdemir ÖC1, Sevim S1, Duygu E1, Tuğral A1, Bakar Y1.

1School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Turkey.

Abstract

[Purpose] This study was aimed to analyse the effects of short-term use of compression stockings (CS) on symptoms and QoL in patients with Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI).

[Subjects and Methods] Based on the CEAP classification C2 and C3, 117 patients with CVI were enrolled in this study. The participants were divided into two groups. The control group refused to use CS, however, was advised to do exercises and take skin care whereas the CS group used CS and performed exercise. The data were collected by using Nottingham Health Profile (NHP), Venous Insufficiency Epidemiological and Economic Study (VEINES-QoL/Sym) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) at baseline and after four weeks of treatment and compared within and in between groups.

[Results] The comparison of pre- and post-treatment differences between groups was statistically significant for all parameters. In the study group, pre- and post-treatment scores for each parameter were significantly different. However, elevated scores in the control group suggested worsening of the illness.

[Conclusion] This study established that short-term use of CS in patients with CVI significantly improved disease specific and general QoL by reducing venous symptoms. Further studies with larger sample size are necessary to confirm these findings.