J Phys Ther Sci. 2016
Jul;28(7):1988-92. doi: 10.1589/jpts.28.1988. Epub 2016 Jul 29.
The effects of short-term use of compression
stockings on health related quality of life in patients with chronic venous
1School of Physical Therapy and
Rehabilitation, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Turkey.
[Purpose] This study was aimed to
analyse the effects of short-term use of compression stockings (CS) on symptoms
and QoL in patients with Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI).
[Subjects and Methods] Based on the CEAP classification C2 and C3, 117 patients
with CVI were enrolled in this study. The participants were divided into two
groups. The control group refused to use CS, however, was advised to do
exercises and take skin care whereas the CS group used CS and performed
exercise. The data were collected by using Nottingham Health Profile (NHP),
Venous Insufficiency Epidemiological and Economic Study (VEINES-QoL/Sym) and
Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) at baseline and after four weeks of treatment
and compared within and in between groups.
[Results] The comparison of pre- and post-treatment differences between groups
was statistically significant for all parameters. In the study group, pre- and
post-treatment scores for each parameter were significantly different. However,
elevated scores in the control group suggested worsening of the illness.
[Conclusion] This study established that
short-term use of CS in patients with CVI significantly improved disease
specific and general QoL by reducing venous symptoms. Further studies with
larger sample size are necessary to confirm these findings.